Ashmead's Kernel and Cox's Orange Pippin; Why Choose Heirloom, Apple Edition

Original picture removed, reasons to be disclosed eventually.  In the meantime, here's a bunny with a pancake on it's head.  

 When I was 15, I had a part-time job weeding for the nursery business of a family friend.  Her home was on land that had once been a part of the family farm, and included oddities like walking onions, red wheat still sprouting up in odd corners, and the most strange apple tree I had ever seen.  This gnarled old tree had small apples (before it started getting trendy to market them as "lunchbox sized") that were yellow-green with a small peach blush where the sun hit.  If you bit into one, it wasn't sweet!  It was starchy, almost like a potato, with a little sour-sweet after taste.  The texture, too, was different then any apple I had ever seen...denser.  I was fascinated by those apples, and got permission to take home a bucket full.

Eating them out of hand was, obviously, not very pleasant, but when cooked or dried in rings, all the mellow flavor came right out.  If I'd known how at the time, it would have made rich and creamy applesauce, especially paired with a more tart variety...and so began my awareness that there was something else out there, more then what could be bought at my local supermarket.

 What is an Heirloom plant?

Whether choosing produce at your local farmer's market, or picking species to grow in your own backyard, more and more people today are choosing old varieties, often referred to as Heirloom plants.  Here's how it works:  in the 30's-50's, as shipping fruit and vegetable across the continent became more common, growers began to hybridize plants looking for traits that would insure their plants were the market king.  While during the Nineteenth Century (and earlier), you would find lots of different local varieties sold, chosen by the grower based on factors like climate and soil conditions, and by the buyer based on what they wanted to do with the produce in question, by the 50's only two or three shipped varieties could be found in the average market. 
Slow Food USA

 The registry on Orange Pippin has more then 2,500 varieties of apples(out of as many as 15,000 varieties once grown in America).  They come in all shapes and sizes, range in color from yellow and green to bright red, to so dark they're almost black (take a look at the Arkansas Black if you don't believe me).

On the other hand, while super markets are slowly adding more varieties, by the 1950's it had boiled down to three:  Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, and Granny Smith.

Why are Heirloom's better?  Weren't those types chosen for a reason?

The common grocery store varieties were chosen for a reason:  they have a large cellular structure that acts like packing peanuts, i.e. lets them ship with minimal bruising.  They are also large, have a bright, easily recognizable color(which marketing has found looks more visually appealing, leading to brand loyalty), and have a high yield (many fruit from a given plant). 

Black Oxford
The downside?  They don't taste as good because of that large structure.  There's also some evidence that growing for size and shape reduces the nutrition. As anyone who's made the fatal mistake of trying to make a pie with Red Delicious apples can tell you, having the right apple for the job is vital, too. 

In addition, all the the common grocery apples often pose problems for the home grower.  They are bred for areas like Washington State, and won't get enough cold hours during the fall and winter in the South (where a Winesap, or Victoria Limbertwig would shine), and they aren't hardy enough for my neck of the woods, like a Russian Alexander or a Tioga from Minnesota. 

Where can I find Heirloom apples?

While many grocery stores are doing their best to get in on the act by keeping more varieties, many of the best are going to be disappointing when picked green and shipped while they ripen.  Trust me, you will be happier if you buy local!  Apple season is going to start once the weather cools down, watch for carts, roadside stands and farmer's market stands.  Talk to the person you're buying from; ask what they would recommend, and buy some for eating, and others specifically for cooking and preserving.  If you're particularly daring, and have the equipment for applications like brewing, try your hand at cider!
A list of apple events from Saveur

Starting apple season with a hunt in mind lends a sense of adventure to the cooling air and changing colors of autumn.  Who knows what treasures are waiting if you look?  Your taste buds will thank you!

For a great Heirloom catalog, I would strongly recommend Trees of Antiquity.  They just sent me their winter catalog, and are starting their 2012 pre-orders now, so hurry if you're interested!

If you have an heirloom apple tree, and need to identify it, your local chapter of Slow Food USA can often help.


~~louise~~ said...

GREAT article Jesse! I'll be checking out that catalog for sure. I know I want to plant a few Blueberry bushes but, I hadn't considered apples. Will reconsider:)

Thank you so much for sharing...

Are you going to be able to make the Cookbook Party one day this month? We sure would love to have you!!!

Jesse (Great Grandmother's Kitchen) said...

You're very welcome, Louise, glad you enjoyed it! Unfortunately, I've been having some health problems lately that have slowed my ability to participate in the blog right now...hopefully I'll be able to, but we'll have to see!

~~louise~~ said...

Just a note, Jesse. I'm thinking of you. Feel better soon...

Michaela Medina said...

Hi, My name is Michaela, and I am the photographer who owns the photo of the heirloom apples used here at the top of the page. Harmony Orchards uploaded and used it on their site without contacting me for permission or giving me credit. I have asked them to take it down, as it does not bear my watermark and I wasn't paid. I don't allow my images to be used without credit or permission, because I sell them (like other people sell, say, apples) to make a living. I couldn't find a contact here, so I am leaving this in comments. Could you please contact me? I am trying to get all of the un-watermarked versions of this photo off the web. I don't know who removed the watermark or why.
Thank you so much for your help! Michaela

J (Great Grandmother's Kitchen) said...

My deepest apologies Michaela! I generally use pictures as a sort of "chosen ad" in my articles, alowing me to mention a site more enjoyably then simply linking. It's a shame that they are using a picture that is not theirs to use, and I will contact you ASAP.

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